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To acquire vocabulary and apply the different forms depending on the context.

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In this chapter you will find the most used Expressions divided into formal, informal and the most used terms. Each Expression has its phonetic transcription to improve the pronunciation of the phrases.

APOLOGISING

I'm so sorry. (Not so formal)

/aɪm səʊ ˈsɒri/

How careless of me. (Informal)

/haʊ ˈkeə.ləs əv mi:/

That's my fault. (Informal)

/ðæts maɪ 'fɔ:lt/

Sorry. (Most used)

/ˈsɒri/

Pardon me. (Formal)

/ˈpɑːdn miː/

Please excuse my ignorance. (Very formal)

/pliːz ɪkˈskjuːz maɪ ˈɪɡnərəns/

Please accept our apologies. (Very formal)

/pliːz əkˈsept ˈaʊər əˈpɒlədʒiz/

GREETINGS

Hi. (Very informal)

/haɪ/

What's up? (Very informal)

/wɒts ʌp/

How do you do? (Informal)

/ˈhaʊ də ju duː/

Hello. (Most used)

/həˈləʊ/

Good morning. (Formal)

/ɡʊd ˈmɔːnɪŋ/

Great to see you again. (Formal)

/ˈɡreɪt tə ˈsiː ju əˈɡen/

Pleased to meet you. (Formal)

/pliːzd tə miːt ju/

ASKING FOR INFO

D'you know...? (Very informal)

/djuː nəʊ/

Got any idea...? (Informal)

/gɒt ˈeni aɪˈdɪə/

Would you happen to know...? (Informal)

/wʊd juː ˈhæpən tuː nəʊ/

Can you tell me...? (Most used)

/kæn juː tel miː/

I'd like to know... (Formal)

/aɪd laɪk tuː nəʊ/

I don't suppose you know...? (Formal)

/aɪ dəʊnt səˈpəʊz juː nəʊ/

I wonder if you could tell me...? (Very formal)

/aɪ ˈwʌndər ɪf juː kʊd tel miː/

REQUESTS

Will you...? (Commonly used)

/wɪl juː/

Could you please...? (Commonly used)

/kʊd juː 'pliːz/

Could you possibly...? (Commonly used)

/kʊd juː ˈpɒsəbli/

Would you...? (Most used)

/wʊd juː/

Would you kindly...? (Formal)

/wʊd juː ˈkaɪndli/

Would you mind...? (Formal)

/wʊd juː maɪnd/

Would you be so kind as you...? (Very formal)

/wʊd juː biː səʊ 'kaɪnd æz juː/

GIVING OPINIONS

I believe that... (Commonly used)

/aɪ bɪˈliːv ðæt/

I'd say... (Commonly used)

/aɪd seɪ/

If you ask me... (Not so informal)

/ɪf juː ɑːsk 'miː/

Personally, I think... (Most used)

/ˈpɜːsnəli, aɪ θɪŋk/

As far as I'm concerned... (Formal)

/æz fɑːr æz aɪm kənˈsɜːnd/

If you don't mind me saying... (Formal)

/ɪf juː dəʊnt maɪnd miː ˈseɪɪŋ /

From my point of view... (Formal)

/frɒm maɪ pɔɪnt ɒv vjuː/

SAYING GOODBYE

I'm off. (Very informal)

/aɪm ɒf/

Bye! (Informal)

/baɪ/

See you! (Informal)

/siː juː/

Goodbye! (Most used)

/gʊdˈbaɪ/

Good night! (Generally used)

/gʊd naɪt/

Have a nice day! (More formal)

/hæv ə naɪs deɪ/

I must be going. (Formal)

/aɪ mʌst biː ˈgəʊɪŋ/

ADVICE

How about...? (Informal)

/haʊ əˈbaʊt/

If I were you, I'd... (Commonly used)

/ɪf aɪ wɜː juː, aɪd/

You might try... (Commonly used)

/juː maɪt traɪ/

Why don't you...? (Most used)

/waɪ dəʊnt juː/

It might be a good idea to... (More formal)

/ɪt maɪt biː ə gʊd aɪˈdɪə tuː/

I would strongly advise you to... (Formal)

/aɪ wʊd ˈstrɒŋli ədˈvaɪz juː tuː/

My advice would be to... (Formal)

/maɪ ədˈvaɪs wʊd biː tuː/

HELP

Could you spare a moment? (Informal)

/kʊd juː speər ə ˈməʊmənt/

Can you give me a hand with this? (Informal)

/kæn juː 'gɪv miː ə hænd wɪð ðɪs/

I could do with some help, please. (Informal)

/aɪ kʊd duː wɪð sʌm 'help, pliːz/

I need some help, please. (Most used)

/aɪ niːd sʌm help, pliːz/

Can I ask a favour? (More formal)

/kæn aɪ ɑːsk ə ˈfeɪvə/

Could you help me for a second? (More formal)

/kʊd juː help miː fɔːr ə ˈsekənd/

I wonder if you could help me with this? (Formal)

/aɪ ˈwʌndər ɪf juː kʊd help miː wɪð ðɪs/

REMINDING

Sorry to be a bore but do remember to... (Informal)

/ˈsɒri tuː biː ə bɔː bʌt duː rɪˈmembə tuː/

You won't forget to do it, will you? (Commonly used)

/juː wəʊnt fəˈget tə duː ɪt, wɪl juː/

I hope you haven't forgotten to... (Commonly used)

/aɪ həʊp juː hævnt fəˈgɒtn tuː/

Don't forget to do it. (Most used)

/dəʊnt fəˈget tə duː ɪt/

Remember to do it. (Commonly used)

/rɪˈmembə tə duː ɪt/

I'd like to remind you about... (Formal)

/aɪd laɪk tuː ˈrɪmaɪnd juː əˈbaʊt/

May I remind you... (Formal)

/meɪ aɪ ˈrɪmaɪnd juː/

POSSIBILITIES

It's quite likely... (Informal)

/ɪts kwaɪt ˈlaɪkli/

There's a fifty-fifty chance of... (Informal)

/ðeəz ə ˈfɪftɪˈfɪfti ʧɑːns ɒv/

It's probably going to... (Commonly used)

/ɪts ˈprɒbəbli ˈgəʊɪŋ tuː/

Maybe... (Most used)

/ˈmeɪbiː/

I wouldn't be surprised if... (More formal)

/aɪ ˈwʊdnt biː səˈpraɪzd ɪf/

In all probability... (Formal)

/ɪn ɔːl ˌprɒbəˈbɪlɪti/

There's a good chance... (Formal)

/ðeəz ə gʊd ʧɑːns/

LIKES

I'm crazy about it. (Informal)

/aɪm ˈkreɪzi əˈbaʊt ɪt/

I'm really into it. (Informal)

/aɪm ˈrɪəli ˈɪntuː ɪt/

I'm a big fan of... (Not so informal)

/aɪm ə bɪg fæn ɒv/

I like... (Most used)

/aɪ laɪk/

There's nothing I like more than... (More formal)

/ðeəz ˈnʌθɪŋ aɪ laɪk mɔː ðæn/

What I wouldn't give for... (More formal)

/wɒt aɪ ˈwʊdnt gɪv fɔː/

I'm particularly fond of... (Formal)

/aɪm pəˈtɪkjʊləli fɒnd ɒv/

DISLIKES

I can't stand it. (Informal)

/aɪ kɑːnt 'stænd ɪt/

I can't see what all the fuss is about. (Informal)

/aɪ kɑːnt siː wɒt ɔːl ðə fʌs ɪz əˈbaʊt/

I'm not a big fan of... (Commonly used)

/aɪm nɒt ə bɪg fæn ɒv/

I hate it. (Most used)

/aɪ heɪt ɪt/

I'm not too keen on... (More formal)

/aɪm nɒt tuː kiːn ɒn/

I can't work up any enthusiasm for it. (Formal)

/aɪ kɑːnt wɜːk ʌp ˈeni ɪnˈθjuːzɪæzm fɔːr ɪt/

I'm afraid it doesn't appeal to me. (Very formal)

/aɪm əˈfreɪd ɪt dʌznt əˈpiːl tuː miː/

ENCOURAGING

Keep going. (Informal)

/kiːp ˈgəʊɪŋ/

Give it your best shot. (Informal)

/gɪv ɪt jɔː best ʃɒt/

You're coming along well. (Commonly used)

/jʊə ˈkʌmɪŋ əˈlɒŋ wel/

Come on, you can do it. (Most used)

/kʌm ɒn, juː kæn duː ɪt/

You're on the right lines. (More formal)

/jʊər ɒn ðə raɪt laɪnz/

That's a good effort. (Formal)

/ðæts ə gʊd ˈefət/

That's a real improvement. (Very formal)

/ðæts ə rɪəl ɪmˈpruːvmənt/

REFUSING

Get lost. (Very informal)

/get lɒst/

No way. (Informal)

/nəʊ weɪ/

No Chance. (Informal)

/nəʊ ʧɑːns/

I don't want to. (Most used)

/aɪ dəʊnt wɒnt tuː/

Absolutely not. (More formal)

/ˈæbsəluːtli nɒt/

I'd rather not. (Formal)

/aɪd ˈrɑːðə nɒt/

No but thanks for asking. (Formal)

/nəʊ bʌt θæŋks fɔːr ˈɑːskɪŋ/

SURPRISE

You're kidding! (Very informal)

/jʊə ˈkɪdɪŋ/

You don't say! (Informal)

/juː dəʊnt seɪ/

What a surprise! (Commonly used)

/wɒt ə səˈpraɪz/

Are you serious? (Most used)

/ɑː juː ˈsɪərɪəs/

I'm speechless! (More formal)

/aɪm ˈspiːʧlɪs/

I'd never have guessed. (More formal)

/aɪd ˈnevə hæv gest/

That's the last thing I expected. (Formal)

/ðæts ðə lɑːst θɪŋ aɪ ɪksˈpektɪd/

BEING WORRIED

I've got butterflies in my stomach. (Informal)

/aɪv gɒt ˈbʌtəflaɪz ɪn maɪ ˈstʌmək/

I'm afraid... (Commonly used)

/aɪm əˈfreɪd/

I'm worried about... (Commonly used)

/aɪm ˈwʌrid əˈbaʊt/

I'm scared that... (Most used)

/aɪm skeəd ðæt/

I can't help thinking... (Formal)

/aɪ kɑːnt help ˈθɪŋkɪŋ/

I can't stop thinking about it. (Formal)

/aɪ kɑːnt stɒp ˈθɪŋkɪŋ əˈbaʊt ɪt/

It's been keeping me awake at night. (Formal)

/ɪts biːn ˈkiːpɪŋ miː əˈweɪk æt naɪt/

THANKING PEOPLE

Cheers. (Informal)

/ʧɪəz/

Thanks. (Informal)

/θæŋks/

That's so kind of you. (Not so informal)

/ðæts səʊ kaɪnd ɒv juː/

Thank you. (Most used)

/θæŋk juː ˈveri mʌʧ/

I really appreciate it. (More formal)

/aɪ ˈrɪəli əˈpriːʃɪeɪt ɪt/

I am most grateful. (Formal)

/aɪ æm məʊst ˈgreɪtfʊl/

We would like to express our gratitude. (Very formal)

/wiː wʊd laɪk tuː ɪksˈpres ˈaʊə ˈgrætɪtjuːd/

AGREEING

You are right. (Informal)

/juː ɑː raɪt/

I'm with you on that one. (Informal)

/aɪm wɪð juː ɒn ðæt wʌn/

I'd go along with that. (Informal)

/aɪd gəʊ əˈlɒŋ wɪð ðæt/

That´s for sure. (Commonly used)

/ðæts fɔː ʃʊə/

I think so too. (Most used)

/aɪ θɪŋk səʊ tuː/

Yes, absolutely. (More formal)

/jes, ˈæbsəluːtli/

I couldn't agree more. (Formal)

/aɪ ˈkʊdnt əˈgriː mɔː/

DISAGREEING

Rubbish! (Very informal)

/ˈrʌbɪʃ/

You can't be serious! (Informal)

/juː kɑːnt biː ˈsɪərɪəs/

I'm not sure about that! (Not so informal)

/aɪm nɒt ʃʊər əˈbaʊt ðæt/

I don't agree. (Most used)

/aɪ dəʊnt əˈgriː/

I agree up to a point, but... (Formal)

/aɪ əˈgriː ʌp tuː ə pɔɪnt, bʌt/

That's an interesting idea, but... (Formal)

/ðæts ən ˈɪntrɪstɪŋ aɪˈdɪə, bʌt/

That's not how I see it. (Formal)

/ðæts nɒt haʊ aɪ siː ɪt/

SPECULATING

I bet... (Informal)

/aɪ bet/

No doubt... (Informal)

/nəʊ daʊt/

It's unlikely that... (Commonly used)

/ɪts ʌnˈlaɪkli ðæt/

I imagine... (Most used)

/aɪ ɪˈmæʤɪn/

My guess is that... (More formal)

/maɪ ges ɪz ðæt/

There's just a chance that... (Formal)

/ðeəz ʤʌst ə ʧɑːns ðæt/

I wouldn't be surprised if... (Formal)

/aɪ ˈwʊdnt biː səˈpraɪzd ɪf/

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