To show the speaker's attitude, to express feelings like surprise or irony, to emphasise, if we are happy, angry, confused, etc. It refers to the way in which we say something and not what we say.
You will find the main features of Intonation and the different types like Rising, Falling and Fall-Rise Intonation.
The Rising intonation indicates how the voice rises at the end of a sentence or phrase.
We use the Rising intonation in questions which answer is "Yes" or "No".
Is that the newcinema?
Yes, they opened it yesterday.
(with this question the person is looking for a Yes/No answer).
Is that yourbrother?
In a sentence or phrase, the Falling intonation indicates how the voice falls on the final stressed syllable.
We use the Falling intonation in Wh - Questions.
Questions beginning with...
Where’s the nearestbank?
(the tone of the voice falls in "Bank" because it is the last stressed syllable).
What time does the showstart?
Where do youlive?
What's your favouriteteam?
Who is your bestfriend?
When we want the message to be very clear or we want to sound determined.
I think we are thebest.
(The person who is talking definitely thinks they are the best).
Here’s thepencil you wanted.
You are absolutelywrong.
She is singing reallybad.
We are notscreaming.
The Fall-rise intonation refers to how the voice falls and then rises at the end of a sentence.
When we are not sure about what we are saying or when we want to add more info.
It's cloudy most of the time.
(but not all the time).
The person speaking wants to say that it's cloudy most of the time (but not all the time) without saying it.
I think it'sWednesday.
(but I'm not sure).
I am not working at themoment.
(but I may be in the future).
When we want to sound polite, especially in questions when we request information or invite somebody to do something.
Would you like another tea?
(The person speaking sounds more polite).
Could you please close the door?
(The person speaking doesn't sound rude when asking for something).
Do you want to come with us?
Read that again please.