We use it

To identify objects, animals, persons, names, material and abstract things.

Content

A complete review of the different types of nouns and their characteristics. Examples, Exercises, Exams and downloads.

TYPES

COMMON NOUNS

Used to name living beings, material and abstract things.

- Car

- Flower

- House

- Man

- Computer

PROPER NOUNS

Used to appoint names, surnames, countries and cities.

- France

- Robert

- Teacherapp

- Jagger

- Vaughan

GENDER

EXPLANATION

There exist three types of gender...

- Male

- Female

- Neuter

To distinguish them, we use Pronouns, other nouns or its meaning is just deduced from the context.

We use the pronoun "He" attached to the male nouns. Some examples are...

- Boy

- Man

- Father

- Son

  • Examples

    My brother is tall. He is the best.

    The king is gentle. He loves dancing.

    He is the greatest hero.

    He is my God.

    He is the host.

We use the pronoun "She" attached to the female nouns. Some examples are...

- Girl

- Mother

- Aunt

- Woman

  • Examples

    She is the princess of the house.

    The actress won a prize. She is happy.

    She is his girlfriend.

    She is the lady of the hat.

    She's my sister.

We use the pronoun "It" attached to the neuter nouns. Some examples are...

- Bird

- Stone

- Car

- Dog

  • Examples

    My cat is crazy. It loves dogs.

    It is a heavy stone.

    It is my dad's car.

    The house is green. It is big.

    It is your pen.

NUMBER

EXPLANATION

They are divided in Singular and Plural.

SINGULAR

A Singular Noun refers to one person, thing or place.

- Guitar

- Ball

- Tree

PLURAL

They can be regular or irregular.

To transform a noun into plural, generally we add "-S" in the end

Student > Students.

If the noun ends in -Es, -Ch, -Sh, -S, -X we add -Es in the end.

Dress > Dresses.

  • Examples

    Box > Boxes.

    Church > Churches.

    Bus > Buses.

    Beach > Beaches.

    Dish > Dishes.

If the noun ends in -Y, it is replaced by -Ies, unless a vowel is before the -Y.

City > Cities.

  • Examples

    Story > Stories.

    Lady > Ladies.

    Country > Countries.

    Fly > Flies.

    Boy > Boys .

    (vowel before the "Y").

If the noun ends in -F o -Fe, it is replaced by –Ves.

Life > Lives.

  • Examples

    Half > Halves.

    Knife > Knives.

    Wolf > Wolves.

    Wife > Wives.

    Leaf > Leaves.

Irregular plural nouns change their form.

Man > Men

Woman > Women

Child > Children.

  • Examples

    Person > People

    Tooth > Teeth

    Foot > Feet

    Mouse > Mice

    Man > Men

Nouns that are always plural

Glasses.

SIMPLE AND COMPOUND

Nouns can be simple (one term) or compound (two or more terms).

SIMPLE

- Flower

- Car

- Sky

COMPOUND

- Father-in-law

- Dining-room

- Tea cup

- Taxi driver

FUNCTION

Nouns can accomplish several functions in the sentence...

- Subject

- Complement

- Predicative

- Adjective

- Apposition

  • Examples

    SUBJECT

    "Dogs" like bones.

    "Happiness" is all around.

    "Mom" cooks very good.

    COMPLEMENT

    I received a "call".

    He drives "home".

    I like "coffee".

    PREDICATIVE

    He is the "president".

    Katty is a "nurse".

    She is my "mother".

    ADJECTIVE

    Give me the "fruit" basket.

    He is an "English" man.

    It is a "five dollar" ticket.

    APPOSITION

    My brother, the "singer", is 23 years old.

    Susan, the "baby-sitter", is very nice.

    The police officer, "Tom", arrested the thieves.

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