We use it

To replace a subject or object that has already been named. The idea is to avoid the repetition of the same word several times.

Content

You will find the different kinds of Pronouns, how and when we use them and examples.

PERSONAL

They work as the subject of a sentence.

PERSONAL

I

You

He

She

It

We

They

IMPORTANT

The pronoun "I" is always written in capital letter. The pronoun "It" is used to talk about animals, things or the weather.

  • Examples

    I live in New York.

    They don't play football.

    It 's hot today.

    It is a beautiful horse.

    My mum is great. She is the best cook.

    We visited Paris last year.

    Do you like coffee?

    My friends are not here. They went to a party.

OBJECTIVE

They work as the object of a verb.

OBJECTIVE

Me

You

Him

Her

It

Us

Them

  • Examples

    I like the car. I will buy it.

    She invited us to the party.

    Give me the pen.

    Sam prepared them dinner.

    The teacher asked you to help.

POSSESSIVE

ADJECTIVES

They are used to talk about the possession of an object. The Possessive Adjectives are always followed by a noun.

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

My

Your

His

Her

Its

Our

Their

  • Examples

    This is my house.

    Emma crashed her car.

    The dog is eating its bone.

    We love our team.

    The children forgot their toys.

PRONOUNS

They are used to indicate that something belongs to someone.

Unlike the Possessive Adjectives, the Possessive Pronouns are isolated (not followed by a noun).

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Mine

Yours

His

Hers

Its

Ours

Theirs

  • Examples

    The car is mine.

    The doll is hers.

    This is yours.

    The T-shirts are theirs.

REFLEXIVE

They are used when the action lies with the performer.

REFLEXIVE

Myself

Yourself

Himself

Herself

Itself

Ourselves

Themselves

  • Examples

    You will cut yourself with that knife.

    I have to be myself.

    He himself prepared dinner.

    She will kill herself with that skateboard.

    The car drives itself.

DEMONSTRATIVE

They are used to signalize or mark out something.

These Pronouns are...

- This

- That

- These

- Those

This

It is used to indicate that something is near (singular).

That

It is used to indicate that something is far away (singular).

These

It is used to indicate that something is near (plural).

Those

It is used to indicate that something is far away (plural).

  • Examples

    This car is powerful.

    Those apples look delicious.

    That cat is going to jump!

    These pencils are mine.

    These drawings are perfect.

    I like those jeans.

    I think this is my book.

INDEFINITE

These pronouns are used to talk about unspecified persons or things. The most common are...

- Something / Somebody

- Anything / Anybody

- Everything / Everybody

- Nothing / Nobody

When we talk about things, we use the pronouns ending with -Thing. When we talk about persons, we use the pronouns ending with -Body or -One.

USES AND DIFFERENCES

- Everything

- Everybody

- Everyone

(All the people or things into a group, at the same time).

- Something

- Somebody

- Someone

(Not all the people or things, some of them).

- Anything

- Anybody

- Anyone

(They are used in negative sentences or questions).

- Nothing

- Nobody

  • Examples

    Everyone is going to the party.

    Nobody has seen her.

    There is somebody at the door.

    Does anyone speak German?

    Nothing happens.

    I don't know anybody in this place.

RELATIVE

They are used to refer to a noun (a person or thing) that has already been mentioned.

CAN BE

These Pronouns are...

- That

- Which

- Who

- Whom

- Whose

When we want to refer to a person, we use...

- That

- Who

- Whom

- Whose

When we want to refer to a thing, we use...

- That

- Which

  • Examples

    This is the book that I bought yesterday.

    Susan is the person who I met last week.

    Her new job, which she started yesterday, is very difficult.

    That is the boy whose teacher is my mum.

    The park in which we practice baseball is big.

    My girlfriend, who moved with me, is beautiful.

RECIPROCAL

They are used to indicate a reciprocal action between two people or things.

CAN BE

These pronouns are

- Each Other

- One Other

Generally, "Each Other" is used to talk about an action between two people and "One Other" to an action between more than two people.

  • Examples

    They love each other.

    We looked each other and started laughing.

    We know each other.

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