We use it

It is used to describe an action which is regular, real or normal.

Regular actions in the present time period.

Facts.

Habits.

Things which are always or generally true.

Key Words

These phrases and words generally appear in the Present Simple Tense sentences...

- Every day

- Every month

- Every year

- Every weekend

- Days of the week (on Monday, etc).

- Always

- Sometimes

- Usually

- Never

- Frequently.

STRUCTURE

Auxiliary words "Do - Does".

AFFIRMATIVE

Subject + verb + the rest of the sentence...

If the subject of the sentence is

He - She - It

then you add "S" at the end of the verb.

If the verb ends in

Ch - Sh - Ss - X - Z - Vowel

then you add "Es" to the verb.

If the verb ends in "Y", you replace it by "I" + "Es", except for

Play - Enjoy - Say

since before the "Y" a vowel appears.

  • Examples

    Go > Goes

    Watch > Watches

    Study > Studies

    Play > Plays

If the subject of the verb is

I - You - We - They

the verb is written in its infinitive form, that is to say, unchanged.

  • Examples

    She plays volleyball every day.

    (The subject of the sentence is She, that is why the verb play is written with "S" at the end of it).

    Tom watches TV at night on Sundays.

    (The subject of the sentence is He (Tom), that is why the verb watch is written with "Es" at the end of it).

    My parents like fish and chips.

    (The subject of the sentence is They (My parents), that is why the verb is written without "S").

    I live in Canada.

    (The subject of the sentence is I, that is why the verb is written without "S").

NEGATIVE

Subject + Don't - Doesn't + Verb (infinitive) + the rest of the sentence.

Remember

I - You - We - They + Do Not= Don't + Infinitive Verb + the rest of the sentence.

If the subject of the sentence is

i - You - We - They

you write "Do Not" or the short form "Don't" before the verb, which is written in its infinitive form, that is to say, without "S" at the end of it.

He - She - It + Does Not= Doesn't + Infinitive Verb + the rest of the sentence.

If the subject of the sentence is

He - She - It

you write "Does Not" or the short form "Doesn't" before the verb, which is written in its infinitive form, that is to say, without "S" at the end of it.

  • Examples

    I don't like football.

    Tina doesn't study hard.

    They do not write clearly.

    He does not know Emily.

INTERROGATIVE

Do - Does + Subject + Verb (Infinitive) + the rest of the sentence.

Remember

Do + I - You - We - They + Verb (Infinitive) + the rest of the sentence.

In the interrogative form the auxiliary "Do" is written before the subject

I - You - We - They

and the verb without "S" since it is written in its infinitive form.

Does + He - She - It + Verb (Infinitive) + the rest of the sentence.

In the interrogative form the auxiliary "Does" is written before the subject

He - She - It

and the verb without "S" since it is written in its infinitive form.

  • Examples

    Do your friends live near you?

    (The subject equals they).

    Does Robert eat meat?

    (Robert equals He).

    Do they travel by bus?

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